DIY Rotator Controller

I have just finished building a DIY controller as part of a home-brewed antenna rotator project. The controller allows simple clockwise and counterclockwise movement of the stepper motor using 4 buttons. The motor may be replaced with a larger one depending on the intended load. I have added an optional speaker for audible feedback.

To view the circuit diagram, head directly to Stepper Motor Controller using Arduino.

I have posted the sketch below:

//DIY Rotator Controller Sample Sketch
//November 30, 2019
//DIY Rotator Controller
//du1au@nightskyinfocus.com

#include <Stepper.h>  
//initialize Azimuth motor

const int stepperPin1 = 9;                           //Stepper pin
const int stepperPin2 = 10;                          //Stepper pin
const int stepperPin3 = 11;                          //Stepper pin
const int stepperPin4 = 12;                          //Stepper pin
Stepper AZstepper(6330, stepperPin1, stepperPin2, stepperPin3, stepperPin4);  
int motorSpeed = 3;                                  //Motor speed                                             
const int Button1 = 2;                               //Button pin
const int Button2 = 3;                               //Button pin
const int Button3 = 4;                               //Button pin
const int Button4 = 5;                               //Button pin
int speakerPin = 6;                                   //Tones feedback

void setup() {
  Serial.begin(9600);
  pinMode(stepperPin1, OUTPUT);                       //AZStepper pin
  pinMode(stepperPin2, OUTPUT);                       //AZStepper pin
  pinMode(stepperPin3, OUTPUT);                       //AZStepper pin
  pinMode(stepperPin4, OUTPUT);                       //AZStepper pin
  AZstepper.setSpeed(motorSpeed);                     //AZStepper speed
  playLongHighBeep();
 
}
void loop() {
  if(digitalRead(Button3) == HIGH){ //Orange
          playHighTone(); 
          AZstepper.step(1582); 
          playHighTone(); 
    }
   if(digitalRead(Button4) == HIGH){ //Yellow
          playHighTone(); 
          AZstepper.step(-1582); 
          playHighTone();         
    }
     while(digitalRead(Button1) == HIGH){ //Red
        AZstepper.step(1);  
         playLowTone(); 
    }
    while(digitalRead(Button2) == HIGH){ //Green
        AZstepper.step(-1);
        playLowTone();   
    }    
}    
void playHighTone()
{
  tone(speakerPin, 7040, 50);                           //High tone
}
void playLongHighBeep()
{
  tone(speakerPin, 2000, 2000);                        //Long high tone
}
void playLowTone()
{
  tone(speakerPin, 55, 50);                             //Low tone
}

To view all posts on amateur radio, click here.

Related link: Stepper Motor Controller

Night Sky in Focus
Astronomy and Amateur Radio
© Anthony Urbano (Manila, Philippines)

DIY Satellite Radio Wins Go-Kit Contest

My portable satellite radio setup won 1st place (VHF-UHF category) in this year’s go-kit (portable equipment) contest as part of the 87th anniversary of the Philippine Amateur Radio Association. It is essentially a satellite phone with collapsible antenna which allows communication with anyone, anywhere in the Philippines and neighboring countries such as Japan, Malaysia, China, Korea, Indonesia, India, Sri Lanka, Singapore, Vietnam, Hong Kong, Taiwan, and even Australia, using only a transmit power of 5W.

The go-kit was built in April 2019 to help the STAMINA4SPACE test our country’s first amateur radio satellite DIWATA2.

Related links:
Portable Satellite Radio Setup
DIY Satellite Antenna
PARA Operators Spearhead Diwata 2 Testing

AMSAT-PH showcases Satellite Equipment

AMSAT Philippines, Inc. featured satellite communications equipment in celebration of the 87th anniversary of the Philippine Amateur Radio Association (PARA) on November 23, 2019, in Marikina City, Philippines.

The exhibit showcased Jharwin Barrozo’s (DV2JB) fully-automated home-brewed motorized satellite tracker, Anthony Urbano’s (DU1AU) portable satellite radio equipment setup, Servillano Boy Avila’s (DV4SMA) satellite go-box, and various types of satellite antenna by Ronald Navarro Pece (4I1AGI) and Jesus Ramises Mella (4G1BKZ). With a satellite communications equipment, one may contact anyone, anywhere in the Philippines and neighboring countries such as Japan, Malaysia, China, Korea, Indonesia, India, Sri Lanka, Singapore, Vietnam, Hong Kong, Taiwan, and even Australia, using only a transmit power of 5W— an alternative mode of communication in emergency situations.

AMSAT Philippines, Inc. is a PARA-affiliated amateur radio group specializing in satellite communications with Ed Valdez (DU1EV) as its president.

To learn more on how to access amateur radio satellites, head directly to Satellite Communications. To view all posts on amateur radio, click here.

Related links:
AMSAT PH Satellite Demo

Night Sky in Focus
Astronomy and Amateur Radio
© Anthony Urbano (Manila, Philippines)

DIWATA 2 Test (March 2019)

Here’s a demonstration on how I used an FT60 with power of 5W to access Diwata 2 satellite during its testing phase. In the video, I have successfully made contact with stations in Pangasinan and in Okinawa, Japan, from Sta. Rosa, Laguna. Notice how I tracked the satellite using a home-brewed antenna.

To learn more how to access amateur radio satellites, head directly to Satellite Communications. To view all posts on amateur radio, click here.

Related links:
AMSAT PH Satellite Demo
Satellite Demo with the Philippine Navy
Satellite Demo on CNN Philippines
Satellite Demo at a local Hamfest

To view all posts on amateur radio, click here.

Night Sky in Focus
Astronomy and Amateur Radio
© Anthony Urbano (Manila, Philippines)

Talk on Amateur Radio Satellites

On October 28, 2019, I was invited by the UP Resilience Institute-NOAH to deliver a talk about amateur radio satellites.

Amateur radio satellites are orbiting relay stations that enable long distance communications using only a two-way radio and a home-brewed antenna. Unlike other communications systems like the cellular service and the Internet, satellites do not rely on ground-based communications infrastructure. If a locality is hit with a major disaster, damage to infrastructure will render the cellular phones and the Internet unusable, but satellites in space will continue to function. In this talk, I’ve discussed how to access these amateur radio satellites, and explained how to setup a home-brewed satellite phone for reliable communication in times of disaster.  

To view all posts on amateur radio satellite communications, click here.

Related link:
4th UP RI-NOAH Talk on Disaster Resiliency

Night Sky in Focus
Astronomy and Amateur Radio
© Anthony Urbano (Manila, Philippines)

Sta Rosa Council participates in Satellite JOTA

The Sta Rosa Council in Laguna participates in the first-ever satellite contacts between Philippine scouts as part of the 2019 Jamboree on the Air (JOTA) held on October 19, 2019 in Sta. Rosa, Laguna. Contact is achieved by beaming a radio signal on to a passing satellite and using it as a relay to reach distant stations like Malaysia and Japan. A total of 19 scouts from various schools in Laguna participated in the event.

Special thanks to the following stations who made contact with DX1DAC: DU4PGS (Catanduanes), DV2JB (Pangasinan), 9W6ZUL (Malaysia), 4G1AGI (Cabuyao, Laguna), 9M4SJQM (Malaysia), 4G1DWE (Manila), and JR6DI (Japan).

Direct Amateur Communications (DX1DAC) and AMSAT Philippines (DX1O) served as the host radio clubs for the satellite JOTA event. JOTA is the largest world-wide annual scouting event which promotes communication among scouts through the use of amateur radio equipment.

Related links:
AMSAT PH Satellite Demo
Satellite Demo with the Philippine Navy
Satellite Demo on CNN Philippines
Satellite Demo at a local Hamfest

To view all posts on amateur radio, click here.

Night Sky in Focus
Astronomy and Amateur Radio
© Anthony Urbano (Manila, Philippines)

AMSAT Philippines Satellite Demo (Sept 2019)

More than 50 amateur radio satellite enthusiasts attend two live satellite contact demonstration conducted by the AMSAT Philippines, Inc., Stamina4Space, and Holy Angel University, on September 28, 2019, in Angeles City, Pampanga. The live demo events were part of an amateur radio satellite seminar and antenna workshop.

The video recordings below show the two demo events featuring voice communications via AO-91 and PO-101 (DIWATA2) satellites. The official AMSAT Philippines, Inc. call sign DX1O (Delta X-ray One Oscar) was used during the event, with Anthony Urbano (DU1AU) as the operator.

Demo No. 1
Satellite: AO-91 (Fox-1B)
Time: 04:09 to 04:24 UTC
Elevation: 51 deg
Operator: DU1AU (Angeles City)

Contacts (13 stations):
4I1AGI (Angeles City)
4I1DIT (Angeles City)
7J1ADJ (Japan)
9M16KING (Malaysia)
9W8VWW (Malaysia)
DU6DKL (Negros)
DU6REN (Iloilo)
DU6XBP (San Carlos City)
DU9JJY (Cotabato)
DV2JB (Pangasinan)
DV4SMA (Naga City)
DV8VMI (Cotabato)
DW3UKN (Angeles City)

Demo No. 2
Satellite: PO-101 (Diwata 2)
Time: 04:46 to 4:59 UTC
Elevation: 38 deg
Operator: DU1AU (Angeles City)

Contacts (9 stations):
9M16KING (Malaysia)
9W8VWW (Malaysia)
DU6REN (Iloilo)
DU6XBP (San Carlos City)
DU9JJY (Cotabato)
DV4SMA (Naga City)
DV8VMI (Cotabato)
DW1ZWS (Quezon Province)
JA6PL (Japan)

AMSAT PH extends its appreciation and thanks to the stations who participated in the 2 satellite demo events. Official DX1O QSL cards were also given out.

Related links:
Satellite Demo with the Philippine Navy
Satellite Demo on CNN Philippines
Satellite Demo at a local Hamfest

To view all posts on amateur radio, click here.

Night Sky in Focus
Astronomy and Amateur Radio
© Anthony Urbano (Manila, Philippines)

SSTV Images August 3-4, 2019

I’ve received 6 SSTV images from the International Space Station (ISS) from August 3-4, 2019, from my amateur radio station in Bacoor, Cavite, using a DIY antenna and a portable radio. The app Robot 36 was used to decode the SSTV transmissions. For participating in the SSTV event, I was awarded a certificate.

To learn how to receive SSTV images from the ISS, click here.

Related links:
Satellite Communications
My Satellite Antenna

Night Sky in Focus
Astronomy and Amateur Radio
© Anthony Urbano (Manila, Philippines)

Satellite Demo with the Philippine Navy

I was invited to conduct a live satellite demo at the Philippine Navy as part of the exit presentation of DOST-Balik-Scientist CDR Leo Almazan USN (ret) at the Pascual Ledesma Naval Station in Cavite, Philippines. We’ve accessed DIWATA2 (PO-101) and had successful contact with JA6PL (Japan), DV2JHA (Pangasinan), and DU1ELT (Cotabato).

Naval Sea Systems Command
We used DIWATA2 satellite to bounce a signal from our location in Cavite, to other radio operators in Pangasinan, Cotabato, and as far away as Japan. Copyright: Naval Sea Systems Command, Philippine Navy

For this demo,  I used a home-brew portable satellite radio setup and a DIY satellite antenna.

Related links:
Satellite Demo on CNN Philippines
Satellite Demo at a local Hamfest

To view all posts on amateur radio, click here.

Night Sky in Focus
Astronomy and Amateur Radio
© Anthony Urbano (Manila, Philippines)