Over the years, I have used various types of batteries, but the one I use most often is the deep-discharge lead-acid type. They are robust, low-cost, can be charged with almost any compatible power supply, and most importantly, can double as a vehicle jump-start kit when not being used in the field. I use four 12V 9Ah deep-discharge lead acid batteries connected in parallel, to power the laptop, and another 12V 9Ah battery for the telescope’s tracker. These batteries remain usable for 2 to 3 years.
A moderately-sized field battery has more than enough power to last an overnight imaging session.
Related link: View all home-brewed DIY astronomy equipment
Night Sky in Focus | Astronomy and Amateur Radio © Anthony Urbano | Manila, Philippines